As greener technologies progress in the areas of electric vehicles, power generation and storage, the increased demand and lack of supply of lithium has demonstrated a need for the development of new lithium resources

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Why Lithium?

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Batteries required for large scale grid storage and electric vehicles need to be as lightweight and compact as possible while still providing high energy density

Lithium is the lightest metal on the periodic table

Lithium has an extremely high electrochemical potential 


 What’s in a Battery?

A lithium ion battery contains a variety of chemical components to allow lithium ions to move back and forth between the cathode & anode

LMO Lithium Manganese Oxide

  • Shorter lifespan and usually blended with NMC chemistries or aluminum to enhance the performance

  • LMO-NMC blends were utilized in Nissan Leaf EV models

NMC Lithium Nickel Manganese Oxide

  • Increased nickel content provides better battery density while at the same time becoming more unstable

NCA Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminum Oxide

  • High energy and power densities with longer life span

  • Used in Tesla/Panasonic batteries

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Lithium Carbonate
vs Lithium Hydroxide

Lithium Carbonate sells for less than lithium hydroxide and can be used directly as cathode material in some battery cathodes

Lithium hydroxide is produced from lithium carbonate or lithium sulfate solution. It can produce cathode material more efficiently and is required for some cathode types

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e3 metals vs Global Lithium Production

Source: Deutsche Bank, USGS Company Data 

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